The Final Trial at the End of the Millennium
It will be the final sentence at the close of the final trial – at the close of the Millennium. None will then be servants of Satan ignorantly or unwillingly, as so many now are, because the great Deliverer, Christ, will remove outside temptations, and provide assistance toward self-improvement, which will enable all who will to overcome inherent weaknesses and to attain perfection.
Visibly the goodness and love of God in the provision of a ransom, a restitution, and another opportunity of life for man, instead of leading all the mankind to an abhorrence of sin, will lead some group of people to suppose that God is too loving to cut them off in the second death, or that if he did so he would give them other, and yet other, future opportunities. They, however, shall go no further, for their folly shall be manifest. Their utter destruction will prove to the righteous the harmony and perfect balance of Justice, Wisdom, Love and Power in the Divine Ruler. Such are called the "angels" (servants) of Satan. And for such, as well as for Satan, the utter destruction (the second death) is prepared by the wise, loving and just Creator. And so, in the parable of the sheep and goats, (Matt. 25:31-33) the latter are called messengers of Satan.
(7) And when the thousand years are finished, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
The thousand years are finished … At the close of the thousand years of Christ’s reign the human race will be perfected. The great work of salvation will be complete then, and beyond it there is no probation for any; all will have had a full opportunity, with every favorable advantage.
Satan shall be loosed … In the ending period of that Millennial age Satan is to be loosed from his prison-house for a little season for the final testing of mankind. Even then his great ambition will lead him to an attempt to establish some measure of authority and influence among men. In a result of this event he and those who follow his spirit and leadership shall be destroyed. That will be the "second death," from which there is no recovery.
All this deceiving future system goes by this name, Satan, not specified as to kind, but merely called after its instigator. It will come into being and go forth to tempt, to try, to test, all those that dwell upon the whole earth, whose number will be at that time as the sand of the sea – thousands of millions. The test will be applied to all; for it is the Divine purpose that such should be tested. Those in perfect accord with the Potter will stand the test, and prove their characters to be strong, crystallized by this test, while others not in fullest harmony with the great Potter shall be melted under the fiery trial of that time. The proportion of those who will stand to those who will then fall is not indicated in the Word of God; and we must not be wise above what is written. It is sufficient for us to know that every true and loyal member of the race, redeemed by the precious blood of Christ, will have the fullest opportunities for becoming a vessel of the Lord to some honorable purpose and service if he wants, and that those whose wills are not fully submissive to the Lord will be ultimately destroyed from amongst the people and not be preserved for torture.
(8) and shall come forth to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
At the close of the Millennial age there will be a harvest time for sifting and separating the billions of human beings then living, similar to the present-day sifting of Babylon in this harvest time and to the sifting work in the Jewish harvest.
To seduce the nations … The whole human race will be at the close of the Millennium restored to perfect manhood. All the people will be armed with complete knowledge and experience, and hence fully able to stand the test. They will be tested severely as was Adam, individually. They will again have the choice of good or evil before them. How? By God relaxing the rigor of the hitherto iron rule which made obedience to divine law obligatory. It will be then allowed evil deeds for a time to go unpunished. The deception will not touch the question of right or wrong, but, like Eve's, a deception as to God's ability or willingness to execute the already declared penalty of sin. Eve desired to disobey God, and only fear hindered. The deception at the end of Millennium will remove merely the fear, and left the will free to act. It will be not there an interference with their free will, but a creating of possibility to the manifestation of their real desires.
All the people who love unrighteousness will be deceived by Satan. Those in whom the goodness of God has not developed filial submission, but in whom pride has asserted itself, will be easily deceived. Satan will be conveying the idea that they can now disobey God with impunity. Then the temptation will again rest upon his old doctrine, that they shall not surely die, even if they do disobey and oppose the will of God. It will be then clearly manifested whether their obedience resulted from a fear of the punishment of evil doing, or from a heart love of God, and a desire to do those things well pleasing to Him.
Gog and Magog … These symbolic individuals would represent all who then, imbued with the spirit of Satan, will be opponents of God, and of his righteous kingdom; perhaps, having no specific reference to a people from any particular section of the globe; but to those who join him from every quarter of the earth. (Rev. 20:8)
The number … as the sand of the sea … The number of all mankind – innumerable. The world will then be very populous.
How many people have ever lived on earth? According to Population Reference Bureau – 108 billion. If only the Earth's land area of 148,94 million square kilometers is taken into account, then anticipated human population density presumably will amount to 725 per km2.
(9) And they went up over the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down out of heaven, and devoured them.
And they went up … This shows at that final time the condition of many of the world, who will become restless. All these people, at heart rebellious toward God, apparently will manifest outward opposition. The obscurity of the question as to when the thousand-year period would fully begin or fully end will have something to do with the final test of loyalty. They will think that the period of Christ's Mediatorial Kingdom ended before the Lord's time; and some, impatient, will make a demonstration, and demand of the earthly representatives that full dominion be at once restored to perfect men.
Compassed the camp of the saints … Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the Prophets and Ancient Worthies referred to by our Lord and by the Apostles (Matt. 8:11; Heb. 11:4-40), they all will make up such camp. Having passed their trial, they will be awakened from death in the beginning of the Millennium in perfect human condition. Because they were faithful during the reign of evil, even unto death, they will have some honorable service during in God’s Kingdom. They will be appointed princes in all the earth (Psa. 45:16) and visible representatives of invisible power of “the beloved city” (Christ, Head and Body). The rebellious faction of mankind will protest against their faithful princes, because they as human beings could not attack an unseen force of the Church. Possibly the temptation will be the desire to take possession of the Kingdom before it is fully turned over to them. The rebellion incited by Satan against the earthly princes will be tantamount to rebellion against the Christ.
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The beloved city … The New Jerusalem, the Church in glory, not the Church in the flesh. The rebellion incited by Satan will be against the earthly princes, that is visible representatives of invisible power of the Christ.
Fire came down out of heaven … The fire is a symbol of destruction. Here it is everlasting destruction – the second death, indicating punishing by Divine justice. When the intermediary work of the Christ is completed and the people will be ultimately restored to perfection, they does not need a Mediator, any more than a perfect angel needs a Mediator, or any more than Adam needed a Mediator. Therefore the Christ will step out from between the world and God, and mankind will be directly in the hands of Jehovah. (1 Cor. 15:24-28.) Then not outward perfection merely, but inner perfection will be the final test. Then a conspiracy of lawlessness against agents of divine authority will be permitted, with disastrous result for rebels. Apostle warns: “It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God” (Heb. 10:31), because his justice does not tolerate no sin and imperfection.
Devoured them … In the end of the Millennial age some number of people will be destroyed in the second death because they have not improved the opportunities for such character development as would meet the Divine requirements. But then, unlike the present time, the sin of one will not be permitted to sink others as well as himself, but "the soul that sins it shall die." (Ezek. 18:4.) They will never awake from death to trouble the world again. None remain to pass beyond into the perfect dispensation except those who, like the angels, having been tested, will be in no danger of falling, and will therefore die no more. (Luke 20:36)
It will be those who not learned to love the right, not conformed willingly to the law of love to God and man and secretly loved evil. They will manifest that they have the spirit of the Adversary and therefore they will be counted enemies against God and against the law of the empire, and no longer coerced, but destroyed, as the goat class in the parable of the sheep and the goats. (Matt. 25:31-46)
(10) And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are also the beast and the false prophet; and they shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
The devil … That deceiving system (not specified as to kind, but merely called Satan, after its instigator), not Satan himself, but an evil system, a devilish power. Angelic spirits or men on his side, are reckoned to be his angels or messengers. (Matt. 25:41.) It will be the whole system of error at the end of Millennial age, which will then manifest its activity and lead to destruction the "goats".
Satan will have had the opportunities of seven thousand years and yet remain incorrigible – ample proof of his being established in sin. When that period elapsed a good can no longer be served through his permitted existence. In accord to God’s own words, "all the wicked will he destroy," Satan, the dogged enemy of God and man is to be forever destroyed and not preserved in any sense or condition. (Heb. 2:14)
Was cast … In this case, entire satanic system will be cast in the end of the Millennial age into the same sort of trouble and destruction, as the Beast (papacy) and false prophet (protestant federation) systems are now being cast into, in the end of the Gospel age.
The lake of fire … The symbolism of the lake of fire is further shown by the fact that the symbolic beast and the symbolic false prophet, and death and hell, as well as the Devil and his followers, are destroyed in it. As fire never preserves, but always consumes, God uses it as a symbol of utter destruction.
And brimstone … Intensifying the symbol of destruction. Representing extinction of life. Burning brimstone, one of the most deadly elements known, is destructive to all forms of life. No life is proof against the fumes of brimstone. Even today, if we were making symbols, we could think of nothing that would more thoroughly represent utter destruction of life and being than the figure which the Lord has here used.
Where are also the beast and the false prophet … The beast [papacy] and false prophet [protestantism] systems, which during the Gospel age have deceived the people, oppressed them and led astray. These two organizations teaching of errors together constitute Babylon. They are now, in the close of this Gospel age, casting into a great, consuming trouble.
They shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever … Verse 9 tells of the destruction of the individuals who join with Satan in the last rebellion; and verse 15 tells of that same destruction in other words, using the symbol "lake of fire." This being the case, the torment here cannot refer to these human beings. The torment of verse 10 cannot refer to these human beings who are consumed, destroyed.
The torment of those systems will be aionion, i.e., lasting. It will continue as long as they last, until they are utterly consumed. As long as they last they will be tormented with financial, social and religious, difficulties and pains. So also the system of error, which will suddenly manifest itself at the end of the Millennial age and lead the "goats" to destruction, will be consumed. (Rev. 20:7-10.)
We have no hesitancy about accepting the testimony of the inspired Apostle Paul, not only in regard to what the Jews believed, but also as to what he and the early Church believed; and we repeat, that the theory of the everlasting torment of the wicked, based upon the theory that the human soul cannot die, is contrary to both the Old and the New Testament teachings, and was introduced among Jews and Christians by Grecian philosophers. Thank God for the purer philosophy of the Scriptures, which teaches that the death of the soul (being) is the penalty of sin (Ezek. 18:20); that all souls condemned through Adam's sin were redeemed by Christ's soul (Isa. 53:10); and that only for willful, individual sin will any die the Second death – an everlasting punishment, but not an everlasting torment.
Choose life that you may live
"I have set before thee this day life and good, death and evil." "I have set before thee life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live." (Deut. 30:15,19).
The words here quoted are from Moses to Israel. To appreciate them we must remember that Israel as a people, and all their covenants, sacrifices, etc., had a typical significance.
God knew that they could not obtain life by keeping the Law, no matter how much they would choose to do so, because they, like all others of the fallen race, were weak, depraved through the effect of the "sour grape" of sin which Adam had eaten, and which his children had continued to eat. (Jer. 31:29.) Thus, as Paul declares, the Law given to Israel could not give them life because of the weaknesses or depravity of their fallen nature. (Rom. 8:3; Heb. 7:19; 10:1-10)
Nevertheless, God foresaw a benefit to them from even an unsuccessful attempt to live perfectly; namely, that it would develop them, as well as show them the need of the better sacrifice (the ransom which our Lord Jesus gave) and a greater deliverer than Moses. And with all this their trial furnished a shadow of the individual trial insured to the whole world (which Israel typified) and secured by the better sacrifices for sin, which were there prefigured, to be accomplished by the great prophet of whom Moses was but a type.
Thus seeing that the trial for life or death presented to Israel was but typical of the individual trial of the whole world, and its issues of life and death (of eternal life or the Second death), may help some to see that the great thousand-year-day of trial, of which our Lord Jesus has been appointed the Judge, contains the two issues, life and death. All will then be called upon to decide, under that most favorable opportunity, for righteousness and life or sin and death, and a choice must be made. And, although there will be rewards and "stripes" according to the deeds of the present life, as well as according to their conduct under that trial (John 3:19; Matt. 10:42; Matt. 11:20-24), the verdict in the end will be in harmony with the choice expressed by the conduct of each during that age of trial.
The second trial, its sentence and its result, are also shown in the words of Moses quoted by Peter (Acts 3:22,23): "A Prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me. Him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass that every soul [being] which will not hear [obey] that Prophet [and thus choose life] shall be destroyed from among the people." In few words this calls attention to the world's great trial, yet future. It shows the great Prophet or Teacher raised up by God to give a new judgment or trial to the condemned race which he has redeemed from the condemnation which came upon it through its progenitor, Adam. It shows, too, the conditions of eternal life to be righteous obedience, and that with the close of that trial some will be judged worthy of that life, and some worthy of destruction – the Second death.
Our Lord Jesus, having redeemed all by his perfect and precious sacrifice, is the Head of this great Prophet; and during the Gospel age God has been selecting the members of his body, who, with Christ Jesus, shall be God's agents in judging the world. Together they will be that Great Prophet or Teacher promised. "Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world?" (1 Cor. 6:2)
The first trial was of mankind only, and hence its penalty or curse, the first death, was only upon man. But the second trial is to be much more comprehensive. It will not only be the trial of fallen and imperfect mankind, but it will include every other thing and principle and being out of harmony with Jehovah. "God will bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing."
The "judgment to come" will include the judgment to condemnation of all false systems – civil, social and religious. These will be judged, condemned and banished early in the Millennial day, the light of truth causing them to come into disrepute and therefore to pass away. This judgment comes first, in order that the trial of man may proceed unhindered by error, prejudice, etc. It will also include the trial of "the angels which sinned" – those angels "which kept not their first estate" of purity and obedience to God. Thus it is written by the Apostle of the members of the body of the great Prophet and High Priest, who is to be Judge of all – "Know ye not that the saints shall judge angels?" (1 Cor. 6:3)
This being the case, the condemnation of the Millennial trial (destruction, second death) will cover a wider range of offenders than the penalty or curse for the sin of Adam, which "passed upon all men." In a word, the destruction at the close of the trial will be the utter destruction of every being and every thing which will not glorify God and be of use and blessing to his general creation. (W.T.1900-102; R2607)
The Great White Throne
(11) And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat upon it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
A great white throne … It will be the worldwide dominion of purity, holiness, righteousness, justice, truth. Represents the powers of the government and the purity or fairness of the trial which will be granted to the world of mankind. When we read that heaven and earth fled away from the presence of him upon the throne, it identifies that throne with the end of this age, and the opening of the Millennial Age. Present institutions are represented thus: the symbolical heavens, the church, etc., and the symbolical earth, the political and social interest of "this present evil world." As St. Peter tells us, present institutions shall "pass away with a great noise," and instead the Lord will reveal a new heavens and a new earth – that is to say, new spiritual powers, the Church in glory; and new earthly powers, the new political and social conditions – along better lines than those which now control: along the lines of justice and love.
(12) And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne; and books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works.
The dead … Includes all of the Adamic race who during this Gospel age do not escape from the condemnation that is on the world – death – by becoming partakers of spiritual life through Jesus (2 Pet. 1:4).
Standing before the throne … This verse relative to the dead shows us how all those death condemned ones will be on trial before the White Throne. So surely as it is a throne of purity and Justice, their trial will be full, fair and impartial. The Judge himself has already become their bail, so that they shall have a full and sufficient trial before himself, to attain perfection of human life.
The world will be standing on judgment before the throne of Christ throughout the Millennial age in the same sense that the church has been standing on judgment during this Gospel age. A picture of the world’s judgment is given us in Matt. 25, where the two classes that will be found amongst men are to be separated into sheep and goats, and the division between them is to be the work of the Millennial age – to separate the true sheep, who will be accounted worthy of divine favor everlastingly, from those of the goat nature, who, refusing to come into subjection to the Lord’s will, shall be estimated unworthy of any favors beyond the Millennial age, and will be destroyed with Satan, as described in Rev. 20:9, 10.
Books were opened … When the world’s judgment or trial will be on, during the Millennium, the books will be opened – the books of the Bible – and the dead will be judged, will be tried, will be tested along the lines of teaching found in those books of the Bible. The church, during the Gospel Age on trial, was being judged according to these same books – and none now are on trial, to whom those books are not to some degree opened (understood). This too, accords with Jesus' words: "My words shall judge you in the last day" (period) – the Millennial day. (John 12:48.) The words of Jesus will no longer be hidden under parables and dark sayings, that the hearing people might hear and not understand; but the secret things will be uncovered.
"The mystery of God" is secret selection of the Little Flock (the Church of Christ) during the Gospel Age and restitution of the mankind (Eph. 5:25-33; 1:9,19; Rev. 10:7). The end of this selection took place at the time of epiphaneia of the Lord's second presence (1980), therefore since then the mystery of God is ceasing to be secret gradually. As soon as the great tribulation is over the books will be opened, and the knowledge of the Lord shall fill the whole earth. For God "will have all men to be saved, [redeemed] and [then] to come unto the knowledge of the truth." (1 Tim. 2:4)
"This trial includes all the world, (but not the saints; John 5:24), and is indeed the grand prospect held out before them. By means of that trial, the entire groaning creation may be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty (freedom from death) of the sons of God. (Rom. 8:21, 22)
"The books of the Bible will then all be opened – understood. All will then see that the Golden Rules laid down by inspiration through Moses and the Prophets, Jesus and his Apostles, are the very ones which God will require of men in the future and which Messiah will then enable the willing and obedient to comply with by assisting them up out of their sin and degradation. The judgment of that time, the test, will not be of faith, for knowledge will be universal and all the darkness and obscurity created by ignorance and superstition will have passed away. The test at that time will be of works, whereas the tests of the Church at the present time are of faith." (OV256)
The Bible in the Next Age!
"Our thought is that the Bible will be used then, not so much as a sole means of communicating God’s will, but as a source of information, much as we now use histories. It will enlighten men respecting God’s laws, etc.
"The Scripture which tells us that the Bible will be used in the future, tells us that all the world will be judged by the things written in these books, and informs us that the books will be opened (the books of the Old and New Testaments) implying that up to that time they were not opened. (Rev. 20:12)” (R5804:1)
"During the Millennial age these books of the Bible – Genesis, Exodus, Matthew, Mark, Luke, etc., will be opened to the whole world, will be understood fully, clearly, and the great lessons therein taught will be emphasized; and as our Lord declared to the Jews, so will it be: `My Word shall judge him in the last day’ – the Millennial day." (R3433:4)
Another book was opened … Another book – of life, was opened. This suggests to us that as there is a book (record), of life, in which the names of all the Gospel age overcomers are recorded who are worthy of divine life (Rev. 3:5), so there will be a book or record kept in the next age of those worthy of perfect human life. At the end of Messiah’s Reign, those whose names will have been written upon the new Book of Life will be found worthy of everlasting life; those whose names are not therein written will be destroyed in the Second Death.
The dead were judged out … The Scriptures represent the Millennium as the Judgment Day for the world; saying: "God has appointed a day in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man [the Christ, Head and Body] whom he has ordained." (Acts. 17:31) If it were God’s plan to coerce all the world or to everlastingly save every member of Adam’s race, why call the coming age a Day of Judgment? Judgment signifies trial, testing, and this implies the rejection of the unfit as much as it implies the acceptance and blessing of those proved worthy. The judgment is unto life or death everlasting.
Our Lord’s parable of the sheep and the goats, is applicable not to the Gospel age, but to the world in the Millennium. It opens with the words: "When the Son of Man shall come in all his glory" – and sit upon his glorious throne – a time when, according to his promise, his Bride, the "elect" Church shall share his throne and glory – "then shall be gathered before him all nations," and he shall judge them, separating the sheep to the right hand of his favor and the goats to the left hand of disfavor. This separating and judging will occupy the entire Millennial age, and at its close the "sheep" will all be welcomed to the Father’s favor – everlasting life, and the disobedient "goats" with Satan, their leader, and all evil doers, shall be punished with "everlasting destruction," everlasting cutting off from life – symbolized by a lake of fire and brimstone – the Second Death.
(13) And the sea gave up the dead that were in it; and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
The sea gave up the dead … The sea represents the masses of the whole mankind in the anarchy condition, not under religious restraint. Earth's new Ruler will deal first with those who survive the great tribulation, anarchy. They will be reckoned as dead, even though actually having a small measure of life. When the Lord said, "Let the dead bury their dead' (Matt. 8:22), He used the same word to describe both classes. Those under the death sentence are counted by the Lord in the same class with those upon whom the sentence has been already executed. None but God's people during the Gospel Age have "passed from death unto life." (1 John 3:14.) All the rest of the world, in God's sight, are dead.
Death and Hades gave up the dead … The Lord Jesus "has the keys of death and hades." (Rev. 1:18.) By virtue of His death and resurrection He accomplished the redemption of the race of mankind from death and hell – hades, the grave. Because He thus bought the race, He has the "keys," the opening power, to release all mankind from the great prison house of death and the tomb.
(14) And death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death, [even] the lake of fire.
Lake of fire … Biblical symbolism uses fire for picturing of utter annihilation. The lake of fire corresponds to words our Lord, when He said that the goats class, unworthy, will be thrown “into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels” (Matt. 25:41). Farther He explained: “these shall go away into eternal punishment [gr. kolasin, cutting off from life]” (25:46).” These words of the Lord agree with prophecy of Ezekiel: "The soul that sins, it shall die." (18:4)
In this parable Jesus used earthly Jerusalem as a figure of the New Jerusalem. The Valley of Hinnom (Gehenna), outside the city, symbolized the Second Death, from which there will be no redemption – no recovery. Destruction of incorrigible sinners is prefigured by fire, and was illustrated by the fires in the Valley of Hinnom (mistranslated "Hell"), in which the garbage of Jerusalem was destroyed to prevent of contagion. The Valley of Hinnom was once quite deep. Only dead carcasses were put into it, including those of very vicious criminals.
The valley Gehenna was earlier called Tophet. When Israel became idolatrous, the image of Moloch was erected there and children were roasted alive in the arms of the image – sacrificially – devilishly. Good King Josiah defiled it for garbage purposes. Our pious fathers provided worse idols for us – Creed-idols! To these we were taught to sacrifice millions of heathens, and non-elect infants.
It is remarkable in our day, when anti-cruelty sentiments prevail and the cruelties of the Dark Ages are generally condemned, that the creeds still have their votaries who somehow consider that they honor God in ascribing to him a character of cruelty.
The destruction of the first death (Adamic) and Hades commences with the beginning of the Millennial Reign and continues to its close. Hades (the grave) will be destroyed when all the dead in it have heard the Lord's voice and come forth. (John 5:25.) "Death," however, being a result of Adam's sin and penalty, will have hold so long, till every pain and every mental and moral imperfection is completely removed. The millions of awakened people, in proportion as they render obedience to the terms of the New Covenant, they will be led toward health, perfection and life. In the cause of the obedient, Adamic death will be swallowed up by life. In the case of the disobedient, Adamic death will be swallowed up by the Second Death. (1 Cor. 15:26. 54, 55; Isa. 25:6-8)
"Any who sin wilfully, against full light and ability, will perish in the second death. And should any one, during that age of trial, under its full blaze of light, spurn the offered favors, and make no progress toward perfection for a hundred years, he will be reckoned unworthy of life and will be 'cut off,' though at a hundred years he would be in the period of comparative childhood. Thus it is written of that day: 'As a lad shall one die a hundred years old; and as a sinner shall be accursed he who dies at a hundred years old.' (Isa. 65:20; Leeser) Thus all must have at least one hundred years of trial; and, if not so obstinate as to refuse to make progress, their trial will continue throughout the entire day of Christ, reaching a culmination only at its close.
"The conclusion of the world’s coming judgment is clearly shown in the parable of the sheep and goats. (Matt. 25:31-46; Rev. 20:15; 21:8; 1 Cor. 15:25) These and other Scriptures show that at its close the two classes will have been completely separated – the obedient and the disobedient; those in harmony with the letter and the spirit of God’s law, and those out of harmony with it. They enter into everlasting life, and the others are remanded to death, extinction ('second death'), the same sentence as in the first judgment, from which they had been reckonedly released by Christ who secured the right to release them by the giving of their ransom – by his death. This will be their second death. No ransom will be given for them, and there will be no release or resurrection for them, their sin being a wilful, individual sin against full light and opportunity, under a most favorable, individual trial." (A144)
(15) And if any was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.
The Second Death, during the Millennial Age, is a part of the utter destruction which will include every improper, injurious and useless thing. (Isa. 11:9; Psa. 101:5-8.)
"As the 13th verse declares that all men shall be brought out of these conditions in due time for trial, so this verse declares that Adamic death, and the sleep in oblivion, consequent to it, shall be no more, after the Millennial age: and it explains why, viz., because they shall be merged into or swallowed up by the Second Death condition. In the future no one will die for Adam’s sin: it will be out of consideration as a factor in the trial of the future. The only death thereafter will be the Second Death, which will affect only the sinner who commits the sin, not the parents, not the children. In that day he that dies shall die for his own sin. 'The soul that sinneth it shall die.' Although such will have weakness of the Adamic nature from which they will never recover, because of refusal to use the means and opportunities placed within their reach during the Millennium by the Mediator of the New Covenant, yet under that New Covenant those inherited weaknesses will not be reckoned against them, being fully offset by their Redeemer’s sacrifice. Hence from and after the time when this full opportunity of the Millennial age is offered to each individual, although Adamic weaknesses and imperfections will still be upon them, their death will not be counted as being a part of Adamic death, but as being a part of the Second Death; – because their failure to make progress will be the result of their own wilfulness, and not the result of Adam’s transgression, nor of their own heredity to its weaknesses.” (E380)
Added by: Andrzej